[map, upper right] and Utukok River Uplands [lower left] were both preserved from oil and gas development under the decision. Teshekpuk Lake [video]at the center of the Arctic's largest wetland is a prolific waterfowl and migratory bird nursery. Large populations of geese from Canada, Siberia and other parts of Alaska travel to the wetlands for their annual molt before heading south. They are unable to fly during this time and are particularly vulnerable to disturbance. NPR-A also is home to Alaska's largest caribou herd comprised of about 325,000 individuals. Some forty native villages rely on the Western Arctic caribou herd for sustenance.
A lease sale of NRP-A blocks was conducted last December generating 17 winning bids covering 140,000 acres. Another lease sale will be conducted in November. Conoco-Phillips got production permits for the Reserve issued to it last year.
*for statistical evidence that lobbying works, i.e. a positive correlation exists between lobbying expense and corporate performance, see the study by Chen, Parsley & Yang (2010).