|what species are these?|
The Giraffe Conservation Foundation asked for the study to be conducted. A scientific team from the Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Center studied giraffes in Namibia and found their genomes indicated four separate species of giraffe instead of one species divided into geographic subspecies. The current understanding of the relationship between the four distinct species is similar to that between the polar bear and brown bear. Both are bears but their long-term genetic development in response to different habitats has produced two distinct types of bears within the same genus of bears. The four giraffe species are: the southern giraffe (Giraffa giraffa); the northern giraffe (Giraffa cameloparadis); the Masai giraffe (Giraffa tippleskirchi); and the reticulated giraffe (Giraffa reticulata). The differences suggest the speciation is the result of adaptation to distinct environments and food sources.